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The Initial Mass Function of the Inner Galaxy Measured From OGLE-III Microlensing Timescales

, , and . (2017)cite arxiv:1706.04193Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures. Accepted by ApJL.

Abstract

We use the timescale distribution of ~3000 microlensing events measured by the OGLE-III survey, together with accurate new made-to-measure dynamical models of the Galactic bulge/bar region, to measure the IMF in the inner Milky Way. The timescale of each event depends on the mass of the lensing object, together with the relative distances and velocities of the lens and source. The dynamical model provides statistically these distances and velocities allowing us to constrain the lens mass function, and from this to infer the IMF. Parameterising the IMF as a broken power-law, we find slopes in the main sequence $\alpha_\rm ms=1.31\pm0.10|_\rm stat\pm0.10|_\rm sys$ and brown dwarf region $\alpha_\rm bd=-0.7\pm0.9|_\rm stat\pm0.8|_\rm sys$ where we use a fiducial 50% binary fraction, and the systematic uncertainty covers the range of binary fractions 0-100%. Similarly for a log-normal IMF we conclude $M_c=(0.17\pm0.02|_\rm stat\pm0.01|_\rm sys)M_ødot$ and $\sigma_m=0.49\pm0.07|_\rm stat\pm0.06|_\rm sys$. These values are very similar to a Kroupa or Chabrier IMF respectively, showing that the IMF in the bulge is indistinguishable from that measured locally, despite the lenses lying in the inner Milky Way where the stars are mostly ~10Gyr old and formed on a fast $\alpha$-element enhanced timescale. This therefore constrains models of IMF variation that depend on the properties of the collapsing gas cloud.

Description

[1706.04193] The Initial Mass Function of the Inner Galaxy Measured From OGLE-III Microlensing Timescales

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