Server-side I/O coordination for parallel file systems
H. Song, Y. Yin, X. Sun, R. Thakur, and S. Lang. Proceedings of 2011 International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, page 17:1--17:11. New York, NY, USA, ACM, (2011)
Parallel file systems have become a common component of modern high-end computers to mask the ever-increasing gap between disk data access speed and CPU computing power. However, while working well for certain applications, current parallel file systems lack the ability to effectively handle concurrent I/O requests with data synchronization needs, whereas concurrent I/O is the norm in data-intensive applications. Recognizing that an I/O request will not complete until all involved file servers in the parallel file system have completed their parts, in this paper we propose a serverside I/O coordination scheme for parallel file systems. The basic idea is to coordinate file servers to serve one application at a time in order to reduce the completion time, and in the meantime maintain the server utilization and fairness. A window-wide coordination concept is introduced to serve our purpose. We present the proposed I/O coordination algorithm and its corresponding analysis of average completion time in this study. We also implement a prototype of the proposed scheme under the PVFS2 file system and MPI-IO environment. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can reduce average completion time by 8% to 46%, and provide higher I/O bandwidth than that of default data access strategies adopted by PVFS2 for heavy I/O workloads. Experimental results also show that the server-side I/O coordination scheme has good scalability.