Two paradigms characterize much of the research in the Information Systems
discipline: behavioral science and design science. The behavioral-science
paradigm seeks to develop and verify theories that explain or predict human or
organizational behavior. The design-science paradigm seeks to extend the
boundaries of human and organizational capabilities by creating new and
innovative artifacts. Both paradigms are foundational to the IS discipline,
positioned as it is at the confluence of people, organizations, and technology.
Our objective is to describe the performance of design-science research in
Information Systems via a concise conceptual framework and clear guidelines
for understanding, executing, and evaluating the research. In the designscience
paradigm knowledge and understanding of a problem domain and its
solution are achieved in the building and application of the designed artifact.
Three recent exemplars in the research literature are used to demonstrate the
application of these guidelines. We conclude with an analysis o f the challenges
of performing high-quality design-science research in the context of the broader