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MALIGNANT AND BENIGN BRAIN TUMOR SEGMENTATION AND CLASSIFICATION USING SVM WITH WEIGHTED KERNEL WIDTH

, and . Signal & Image Processing : An International Journal (SIPIJ) 8 (2): 13 (April 2017)

Abstract

In this article a method is proposed for segmentation and classification of benign and malignant tumor slices in brain Computed Tomography (CT) images. In this study image noises are removed using median and wiener filter and brain tumors are segmented using Support Vector Machine (SVM). Then a two-level discrete wavelet decomposition of tumor image is performed and the approximation at the second level is obtained to replace the original image to be used for texture analysis. Here, 17 features are extracted that 6 of them are selected using Student’s t-test. Dominant gray level run length and gray level co-occurrence texture features are used for SVM training. Malignant and benign tumors are classified using SVM with kernel width and Weighted kernel width (WSVM) and k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN) classifier. Classification accuracy of classifiers are evaluated using 10 fold cross validation method. The segmentation results are also compared with the experienced radiologist ground truth. The experimental results show that the proposed WSVM classifier is able to achieve high classification accuracy effectiveness as measured by sensitivity and specificity.

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