Bayesian inference is one of two dominant approaches to statistical inference. The word Bayesian refers to the influence of Reverend Thomas Bayes. Bayesian inference is a modern revival of the classical definition of probability.
Stewart Whiting, Joemon Jose, and Omar Alonso. Proceedings of the Companion Publication of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web Companion, page 857--862. Republic and Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, International World Wide Web Conferences Steering Committee, (2014)
Ann Devitt, and Khurshid Ahmad. Proceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics, page 984--991. Prague, Czech Republic, Association for Computational Linguistics, (June 2007)