The use of role models (RMs) is a successful educational strategy. In formal training and other settings during undergraduate education, students have the opportunity to recognize numerous traits and behaviors of their RMs, such as teaching skills, professionalism in the clinical setting, and personal qualities. Encountering both positive and negative RMs allows medical students to learn a variety of professional norms and values. This learning process is likely influenced by a student’s developmental status, which itself is related to that student’s personal attributes and experiences. The purpose of this study was to examine graduating medical students’ perceptions of their RM encounters and their learning processes, and how these perceptions and processes are affected by their own personal attributes.