MSAGL is a .NET tool for graph layout and viewing. It was developed in Microsoft Research by Lev Nachmanson. MSAGL is built on the principle of the Sugiyama scheme; it produces so called layered, or hierarchical layouts. This kind of a layout naturally applies to graphs with some flow of information. The graph could represent a control flow graph of a program, a state machine, a C++ class hierarchy, etc.
AQUA - Automatic Quality Assessment and Feedback in eLearning 2.0
The current development of Web 2.0 makes the distinction between author and reader fading away. Users now produce huge amounts of data which sometimes is of questionable quality. This leads to the problem of information overload: how to make the most of this information without overwhelming the users? One key challenge to solve this issue is to assess the quality of the user generated content.
In AQUA, we seek to develop algorithms to assess the quality of content automatically. We focus on two sources for this assessment: (1) user generated content; (2) feedback by users of the content. To do so, we investigate techniques from the fields of natural language processing (NLP), information retrieval, and machine learning.
So, in a nutshell, AQUA will answer the following questions:
What is quality of information? How does it matter in information search?
How to model the quality of user generated content?
How far can you go with automatic methods in assessing quality?
How to give feedback to users regarding quality?
The AQUA project is associated with the project "Mining Lexical-Semantic Knowledge from Dynamic and Linguistic Sources and Integration into Question Answering for Discourse-Based Knowledge Acquisition in e-learning (QA-EL)".
An ontology is a computer-processable collection of knowledge about the world.
This thesis explains how an ontology can be constructed and expanded auto-
matically. The proposed approach consists of three contributions:
1. A core ontology, YAGO.
YAGO is an ontology that has been constructed automatically. It com-
bines high accuracy with large coverage and serves as a core that can be
2. A tool for information extraction, LEILA.
LEILA is a system that can extract knowledge from natural language
texts. LEILA will be used to ¯nd new facts for YAGO.
3. An integration mechanism, SOFIE.
SOFIE is a system that can reason on the plausibility of new knowl-
edge. SOFIE will assess the facts found by LEILA and integrate them
Each of these components comes with a fully implemented system. Together,
they form an integrative architecture, which does not only gather new facts,
but also reconcile them with the existing facts. The result is an ever-growing,
yet highly accurate ontological knowledge base. A survey of applications of the
ontology completes the thesis.
We present a taxonomy automatically generated from
the system of categories in Wikipedia. Categories in the resource
are identified as either classes or instances and included in a large
subsumption, i.e. isa, hierarchy. The taxonomy is made available in
RDFS format to the research community, e.g. for direct use within AI
applications or to bootstrap the process of manual ontology creation.