In the summer of 1914, concentration camps were a defunct, disgraced concept. By the end of the war, they stretched across six continents. In only four years, mass detention of innocent civilians had been legitimized in every corner of the earth.
On September 20, 450 AD, the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains also referred to as the Battle of Chalons took place. A coalition led by the Roman general Flavius Aëtius and the Visigothic king Theodoric I against the Huns and their allies commanded by their leader Attila faced each other in a decisive battle that should decide the fate of Europe and the whole Western civilization...
On June 18, 1815, a battle was fought near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, which should be Napoleon's last. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blücher. The defeat at Waterloo ended Napoleon's rule as Emperor of the French, and made way for a shift in the European balance of power.
On 16 March 1938, at about 22:00, two SA men arrived at the house of prominent Austrian philosopher, historian, journalist and critic Egon Friedell to arrest him. While they were still arguing with his housekeeper, Friedell committed suicide by jumping out of the window. Before leaping, he warned pedestrians walking on the sideway where he hit by shouting "Watch out! Get out of the way!". This was the tragic end of a brilliant mind.
For the entire war in Iraq, the press has been kept largely in the dark concerning the number of civilians killed by our forces, and what happened in the aftemath. Now several hundred files posted online reveal some of the true horror while raising questi
The American Scholar. I suddenly realized that this is the way the world lives... in terms of an enemy. It’s exactly the target that Jesus aimed at all his life, and Buddha too, and Freud; and Gandhi and Martin Luther King: trying to make this invisible creature unnecessary.... Is there truly an enemy, a serpent, devil, PLO terrorist, Libyan hit-man.... Of course there is an enemy; reality says so. Only meditate, say the great teachers: Is there really? Or do we create him?
Epic battle of the Pacific, forgotten in Japan
When dignitaries and guests gather on the remote island of Guadalcanal this week to commemorate the epic battle where Japan's relentless advance in World War II was finally halted, one group will be conspicuous by their absence - the Japanese.
The battle for Guadalcanal began on Aug. 7, 1942, and lasted six horrific months. It turned the tide of the war in the Pacific and left a legacy of heroism and resolve for Americans that has endured for seven decades.
But the view from Japan is less clear. Wartime leaders suppressed news of the defeat. The atomic bombings and desperate fighting near the home islands late in the war have come to dominate the historical memory. The horror and sacrifice that Japanese troops endured on Guadalcanal appears little known or appreciated.
112 years ago, famous american writer Stephen Crane died at age 28. Despite of his youth, he already had become one of the icons of american literature. Most famous is his american civil war novel 'The Red Badge of Courage', which has been read by almost every american high school kid.
Author, journalist, satirist, and critic Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce was born 70 years ago today. He had a great influence in the literature of the 20th century through his works, most of them dealing with the American Civil War.
Die Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg hat mit Unterstützung der Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg 19 ihrer Feldzeitungen aus der Zeit des Ersten Weltkrieges digitalisiert und mikroverfilmt. Um dem interessierten Benutzer online einen möglichst lückenlosen Bestand anbieten zu können, wurden vorhandene Lücken im Printbestand durch Digitalisierung von Exemplaren aus anderen Bibliotheken geschlossen.
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Der Iran hat am Samstag erstmals eine Cyberattacke auf seine Industrieanlagen durch den mysteriösen Computerschädling „Stuxnet“ bestätigt. Das Computervirus scheint speziell gegen die iranische Industrie und Energieversorgung gerichtet zu sein. Aber auch andere Länder sind betroffen. Stuxnet braucht industrielle Steuerungssysteme der Firma Siemens und Windows-Rechner, um sich entfalten zu können. Diese Struktur findet sich vor allem im Iran. Experten schätzen, 60 Prozent der Stuxnet-Attacken seien im Iran zu verzeichnen. Das Virus ist aber auch bereits in den USA, Großbritannien, Indonesien und Indien aufgetaucht.