A Technique for Computer Detection and Correction of Spelling Errors
F. Damerau. Commun. ACM7 (3):
The method described assumes that a word which cannot be found in a dictionary has at most one error, which might be a wrong, missing or extra letter or a single transposition. The unidentified input word is compared to the dictionary again, testing each time to see if the words match—assuming one of these errors occurred. During a test run on garbled text, correct identifications were made for over 95 percent of these error types.
A technique for computer detection and correction of spelling errors