The present study was conducted during July 2003 to December 2003 in District Dir (Lower) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The purpose of the present study is to describe the prevalence of Tuberculosis (TB) among the local population visited to health care center of Dir (Lower). A descriptive study was design. For the collection of data a design performa was used. A total of 142 sputum samples from patients suspected for pulmonary TB were collected from different Hospitals located in Dir (Lower), and were studied under microscope. Out of the total 143 the 37 (26%) were positive for Tuberculosis. In the present study female (59%) were more infected than male (41%). Where the age is concern the high occurrence (84%) of TB was recorded in age group 15- 54 years, and the lowest was recorded (8%) in age group 0-14, 55 and above years. From our finding it is concluded that Tuberculosis is still prevalent in the visited population to health care center of Dir (Lower).

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