Grid Approximation Based Inductive Charger Deployment Technique in Wireless Sensor Networks
International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA) (2011)

Ensuring sufficient power in a sensor node is a challenging problem now-a-days to provide required level of security and data processing capability demanded by various applications scampered in a wireless sensor network. The size of sensor nodes and the limitations of battery technologies do not allow inclusion of high energy in a sensor. Recent technologies suggest that the deployment of inductive charger can solve the power problem of sensor nodes by recharging the batteries of sensors in a complex and sensitive environment. This paper provides a novel grid approximation algorithm for efficient and low cost deployment of inductive charger so that the minimum number of chargers along with their placement locations can charge all the sensors of the network. The algorithm proposed in this paper is a generalized one and can also be used in various applications including the measurement of network security strength by estimating the minimum number of malicious nodes that can destroy the communication of all the sensors. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm and impacts of the different parameters used in it on the performance measures.
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