In this research work, waste mustard biodiesel-diesel fuel blends as alternative fuels for diesel engines were studied. An experimental investigation has been carried out to evaluate the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fuelled with waste mustard biodiesel-diesel blends (10%, 15% and 20%) and important fuel properties have also been determined. The performance parameters analyzed include brake power, brake thermal efficiency, brake specific fuel consumption, and exhaust gas temperature whereas exhaust emissions include unburnt hydrocarbons (UHC), carbon monoxide (CO) and oxides of nitrogen (NO x). The results of the experiment in each case were compared with baseline data of diesel fuel. Significant improvements have been observed in the performance parameters of the engine as well as exhaust emissions. The waste mustard biodiesel-diesel fuel blends were tested in a single cylinder direct injection diesel engine. Engine performance and exhaust emissions were measured while the engine running at no, part and full load condition. This paper investigates the scope of utilizing waste mustard oil blends with diesel fuel. It concluded that B10 blend of waste mustard biodiesel act as best alternative fuel among all tested fuel at full load condition. The objective of the present research was to explore technical feasibility of waste mustard oil in direct injection C.I. engine without any substantial modifications in the engine design..

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