Three-dimensional structure of ryanodine receptor isoform three in two conformational states as visualized by cryo-electron microscopy.

, , , and . J Biol Chem 275 (13): 9485--9491 (March 2000)


Using cryo-electron microscopy and single particle image processing techniques, we present the first three-dimensional reconstructions of isoform 3 of the ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel (RyR3). Reconstructions were carried out on images obtained from a purified, detergent-solubilized receptor for two different buffer conditions, which were expected to favor open and closed functional states of the channel. As for the heart (RyR2) and skeletal muscle (RyR1) receptor isoforms, RyR3 is a homotetrameric complex comprising two main components, a multidomain cytoplasmic assembly and a smaller ( approximately 20\% of the total mass) transmembrane region. Although the isoforms show structural similarities, consistent with the approximately 70\% overall sequence identity of the isoforms, detailed comparisons of RyR3 with RyR1 showed one region of highly significant difference between them. This difference indicated additional mass present in RyR1, and it likely corresponds to a region of the RyR1 sequence (residues 1303-1406, known as diversity region 2) that is absent from RyR3. The reconstructions of RyR3 determined under öpen" and "closed" conditions were similar to each other in overall architecture. A difference map computed between the two reconstructions reveals subtle changes in conformation at several widely dispersed locations in the receptor, the most prominent of which is a approximately 4 degrees rotation of the transmembrane region with respect to the cytoplasmic assembly.


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