An Approach to Investigate an Influence of Visual Angle Size on Emotional Activation During a Decision-Making Task

S. Oberdörfer, S. Birnstiel, S. Steinhaeusser, and M. Latoschik. HCII 2023 , Springer, Cham, (2023)to be published.


Decision-making is an important ability in our daily lives. Decision-making can be influenced by emotions. A virtual environment and objects in it might follow an emotional design, thus potentially influ- encing the mood of a user. A higher visual angle on a particular stimulus can lead to a higher emotional response to it. The use of immersive vir- tual reality (VR) surrounds a user visually with a virtual environment, as opposed to the partial immersion of using a normal computer screen. This higher immersion may result in a greater visual angle on a particu- lar stimulus and thus a stronger emotional response to it. In a between- subjects user study, we compare the results of a decision-making task in VR presented in three different visual angles. We used the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) as task and to detect potential differences in decision-making. The IGT was displayed in one of three dimensions, thus yielding visual angles of 20◦, 35◦, and 50◦. Our results indicate no difference between the three conditions with respect to decision-making. Thus, our results possibly imply that a higher visual angle has no influence on a task that is influenced by emotions but is otherwise cognitive.

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