Immunogenicity and immune memory of a nonadjuvanted quadrivalent meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccine in infants

, , , , , , , , , , , , and . The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28 (3): 186--193 (March 2009)PMID: 19209097.


BACKGROUND: The highest rate of invasive meningococcal disease is among children under 2 years of age. There is currently no licensed quadrivalent (serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y) meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccine approved for infants. We evaluated the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a novel quadrivalent nonadjuvanted meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccine (MenACWY-CRM) in healthy infants. METHODS: One hundred eighty infants (90 in Canada and 90 in the United Kingdom) received 2 doses of MenACWY-CRM at 2 and 4 months of age administered concomitantly with routine infant vaccines. At 12 months of age, the Canadian infants received either MenACWY-CRM or a reduced dose of a licensed meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine. In the United Kingdom, all infants received a further dose of MenACWY-CRM. The serological marker of protection was a titer of \textgreater or =1:4 using a serum bactericidal assay with human complement (hSBA). RESULTS: Two doses of MenACWY-CRM induced hSBA titers \textgreater or =1:4 in 57\% (95\% confidence interval CI: 45-67) and 50\% (95\% CI: 38-62) of infants against serogroup A in Canada and the United Kingdom, respectively, 93\% (95\% CI: 85-97) and 86\% (95\% CI: 46-93) against serogroup C, 95\% (95\% CI: 87-99) and 82\% (95\% CI: 71-90) against serogroup W-135, and 91\% (95\% CI: 82-96) and 74\% (95\% CI: 63-83) against serogroup Y. After a booster dose of MenACWY-CRM at 12 months, at least 94\% of participants achieved hSBA titers \textgreater or =1:4 against each of the serogroups C, W-135, and Y and more than 79\% against serogroup A. The vaccine was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: The nonadjuvanted MenACWY-CRM is immunogenic and well tolerated in infancy and could provide broad protection against meningococcal disease in this vulnerable age group.

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