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Cardiomyocytes from postinfarction failing rat hearts have improved ischemia tolerance.

, , , , , , , , , and . Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 296 (3): H787--H795 (March 2009)

Abstract

Altered myocardial Ca(2+) and Na(+) handling in congestive heart failure (CHF) may be expected to decrease the tolerance to ischemia by augmenting reperfusion Ca(2+) overload. The aim of the present study was to investigate tolerance to hypoxia-reoxygenation by measuring enzyme release, cell death, ATP level, and cell Ca(2+) and Na(+) in cardiomyocytes from failing rat hearts. CHF was induced in Wistar rats by ligation of the left coronary artery during isoflurane anesthesia, after which cardiac failure developed within 6 wk. Isolated cardiomyocytes were cultured for 24 h and subsequently exposed to 4 h of hypoxia and 2 h of reoxygenation. Cell damage was measured as lactate dehydrogenase (LD) release, cell death as propidium iodide uptake, and ATP by firefly luciferase assay. Cell Ca(2+) and Na(+) were determined with radioactive isotopes, and free intracellular Ca(2+) concentration (Ca(2+)(i)) with fluo-3 AM. CHF cells showed less increase in LD release and cell death after hypoxia-reoxygenation and had less relative reduction in ATP level after hypoxia than sham cells. CHF cells accumulated less Na(+) than sham cells during hypoxia (117 vs. 267 nmol/mg protein). CHF cells maintained much lower Ca(2+)(i) than sham cells during hypoxia (423 vs. 1,766 arbitrary units at 4 h of hypoxia), and exchangeable Ca(2+) increased much less in CHF than in sham cells (1.4 vs. 6.7 nmol/mg protein) after 120 min of reoxygenation. Ranolazine, an inhibitor of late Na(+) current, significantly attenuated both the increase in exchangeable Ca(2+) and the increase in LD release in sham cells after reoxygenation. This supports the suggestion that differences in Na(+) accumulation during hypoxia cause the observed differences in Ca(2+) accumulation during reoxygenation. Tolerance to hypoxia and reoxygenation was surprisingly higher in CHF than in sham cardiomyocytes, probably explained by lower hypoxia-mediated Na(+) accumulation and subsequent lower Ca(2+) accumulation in CHF after reoxygenation.

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DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00796.2008
URL:
BibTeX key:
Shar_2009_787
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