Energy Efficient Zone Divided and Energy Balanced Clustering Routing Protocol (EEZECR) in Wireless Sensor Network
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Circuits and Systems: An International Journal (CSIJ) 1 (1): 19-29 (January 2014)

Wireless sensor network has proven its significance in almost every field in today’s era. Wireless sensor network consists of large number of sensor nodes distributed randomly in some areas. In WSN the main objective has been increasing the network lifetime. There is zone divisional approach which has shown sound improvement in increasing the network lifetime over the Leach and EEUC protocols. The proposed protocol Energy efficient zone divided and energy balanced clustering routing protocol (EEZECR) has not only much higher network lifetime as compare to ZECR and it also has much better load balancing in the network. In the EEZECR the concept of double cluster head in a cluster is introduced which reduces the load on cluster head and very efficiently does the task of load balancing in the network thoroughly which makes this protocol favorite for many real time applications. Simulations are performed in MATLAB.
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