An Empirical Analysis Over the Four Different Feature-Based Face and Iris Biometric Recognition Techniques
D. Deepak Sharma. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA)(2012)
Recently, multimodal biometric systems have been widely accepted, which has shown increased accuracy and population coverage, while reducing vulnerability to spoofing. The main feature to multimodal biometrics is the amalgamation of different biometric modality data at the feature extraction, matching score, or decision levels. Recently, a lot of works are presented in the literature for multi-modal biometric recognition. In this paper, we have presented comparative analysis of four different feature extraction approaches, such as LBP, LGXP, EMD and PCA. The main steps involved in such four approaches are: 1) Feature extraction from face image, 2) Feature extraction from iris image and 3) Fusion of face and iris features. The performance of the feature extraction methods in multi-modal recognition is analyzed using FMR and FNMR to study the recognition behavior of these approaches. Then, an extensive analysis is carried out to find the effectiveness of different approaches using two different databases. The experimental results show the equal error rate of different feature extraction approaches in multi-modal biometric recognition. From the ROC curve plotted, the performance of the LBP and LGXP method is better compared to PCA-based technique.