M. M Belghachi. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications(IJACSA)(2012)
During the last decade, a new type of wireless network has evoked great interest among the scientific community; it is the wireless sensor networks (WSN). The WSN are used in various social activities, such as industrial processes, military surveillance applications, observation and monitoring of habitat, etc... This diversity of applications brings these networks to support different types of traffic and to provide services that must be both generic and adaptive for applications, the properties of the quality of service (QoS) are different from one application to another. However, the need to minimize energy consumption has been the most important field of WSNs research. Few studies in the field are concerned with mechanisms for efficiently delivering QoS at the application level from network level metrics and connection such as delay or bandwidth, while minimizing the energy consumption of sensor nodes that are part of network. The idea is to ensure QoS through a routing process, which can detect paths that meet the QoS requirements based on ant colony optimization (ACOs), coupled with detected routes reservation process. However, it is necessary to integrate to this diagram the maintenance of route disrupted during communication. We propose a method that aims to improve the probability of success of a local route repair. This method based on the density of nodes in the vicinity of a route, as well as on the availability of this vicinity. Taking into account these parameters in the route selection phase (end of the routing process) allows selecting among multiple routes, the one which is potentially the most easily repairable. In addition, we propose a method for early detection of the failure of a local route repair. This method can directly trigger a process of global re-routing that better fits to restore communication between the source and destination.