CORRELATING R & D EXPENDITURE AND SCHOLARLY PUBLICATION OUTPUT USING K-MEANS CLUSTERING
"Kamath", "Kamat", и "Pujar". International Journal of Information Technology, Modeling and Computing (IJITMC)5 (1):
History of humanity especially post renaissance era depicts the contribution of research and its output In terms of publication, patents and technology transfer paving the way for the societal prosperity. Scientific writing and research publication are fundamental components indicative of academic excellence and supposedly committed to the Research and Development (R&D) funding. Thus the budget allocation and expenditure thereof towards R&D is considered to be a vital parameter for the advancement in science and technology and also for social and economic well being. In view of the tall aspirations of society and government at large it becomes indispensable to investigate whether the scholastic output is going hand in hand with the R & D budget spillover or otherwise. We present in this communication a systematic clustering approach based on K-means algorithm to reveal the impact of R&D expenditure on the extent of research publications. Two independent sources of data, Research and development expenditure i.e. percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Scientific and technical journal articles, are brought together in this comprehensive study. From an empirical perspective, present study found that there exist a positive linear correlation between R & D Expenditure and number of research publication.