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The Distribution of Human Intestinal Stool Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaound: A Retrospective Study

. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development 3 (2): 186-193 (February 2019)

Abstract

In this study, the distribution of human stool parasites with respect to gender and age was reviewed in a retrospective and descriptive study. Patient's records over two years 1995 and 1996 were reviewed at the Biyem - Assi District Hospital in Yaound:. During the study period, 1387 patients suspected to have been suffering from intestinal parasites according to their symptoms had their stools analyzed in the laboratory of this hospital. The objectives of the study were 1. To investigate whether the global prevalence of intestinal parasites is below 50 2. To investigate whether the positive cases of intestinal parasites are lower than the negative cases. 3. To investigate whether mates haves higher risk of intestinal parasites than females. 4. To investigate whether the prevalence rate of intestinal parasites is higher in adolescents especially between the ages of 11 - 15 years. 5. To investigate whether the most prevalent intestinal protozoa is Entamoeba histolytica and whether the most prevalent intestinal helminthe is Ascaris lumbricoides. 6. To investigate whether the prevalence rate of Entamoeba histolytica is higher in males than in females and whether the prevalence rate of Ascaris lumbricoides is higher in females than in males. 7. To investigate whether the most prevalent intestinal protozoa which occurs between the ages 0 - 15 years is Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthes between the ages of 0 - 15 years are Trichiuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides. 8. To investigate whether there is the existence of associations between human intestinal helminthes between human intestinal protozoa and between human intestinal helminthes and protozoa. The hypotheses stated in the null form were 1. The global prevalence of intestinal parasites is not below 50 . 2. The positives cases of intestinal parasites are not lower than the negative cases. 3. The males do not have a higher risk of intestinal parasites than females. 4. The prevalence of human intestinal parasites is not high in adolescents between the ages of 11 - 15 years. 5. The most prevalent intestinal protozoa is not Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthe is not Ascaris lumbricoides. 6. The prevalence rate of Entamoeba histolytica is lower in males than in females and the prevalence rate of Ascaris lumbricoides is lower in females than in males. 7. The most prevalent intestinal protozoa which occurs between the ages of 0 - 15 years is not Entamoeba histolytica while the most prevalent intestinal helminthes between the ages of 0 - 15 years are not Trichiuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides. 8. There are no associations between human intestinal helminthes human intestinal helminthes between human intestinal protozoa human intestinal protozoa and between human intestinal helminthes human intestinal protozoa Ekwale Emilia Ada "The Distribution of Human Intestinal (Stool) Parasites with Respect to Gender and Age in a District Hospital Setting in Biyem-Assi Yaound:: A Retrospective Study" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-3 | Issue-2 , February 2019, URL: https://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd20277.pdf

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DOI:
10.31142/ijtsrd20277
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