Analysis on Ad Hoc Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks
P. Renjith, and E. Baburaj. International Journal of Ad hoc, Sensor & Ubiquitous Computing (IJASUC)3 (6):
Outlook of wireless communication system marked an extreme transform with the invention of Wireless
Sensor Networks (WSN). WSN is a promising technology for enabling a variety of applications like
environmental monitoring, security and applications that save our lives and assets. In WSN, large
numbers of sensor nodes are deployed to sensing and gathering information and forward them to the base
station with the help of routing protocol. Routing protocols plays a major role by identifying and
maintaining the routes in the network. Competence of sensor networks relay on the strong and effective
routing protocol used. In this paper, we present a simulation based performance evaluation of different
Ad hoc routing protocols like AODV, DYMO, FSR, LANMAR, RIP and ZRP in Wireless Sensor Networks.
Based on the study, the future research areas and key challenges for routing protocol in WSN are to
optimize network performance for QoS support and energy conservation.