Medicine and its Epistemological shift of body of Knowledge: Critical View from Socio-Philosophical Perspectives
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development 2 (4): 1773-1788 (June 2018)

The medicine represents a specific type of knowledge about the human body that is applied to either care for or cure of the recipient of medical attention . The nature of medicine is certainly an achieve importance facing twenty-first century by socio-philosophers of medicine. One reason for its importance is that the question addresses the vital topic of Body of Knowledge and how physicians should practice medicine. During the turn of the twenty-first century, clinicians and other medical pundits have begun to accept evidence-based medicine, or EBM to Laboratory Medicine , as the best way to practice medicine. Proponents of EBM claim that physicians should engage in medical practices based on the best scientific and clinical evidence available, especially from randomized controlled clinical trials, systematic observations, and meta-analyses of that evidence, rather than on patho-physiology or an individual physicians clinical experience. Proponents also claim that EBM represents a paradigmatic shift away from traditional medicine. One specific objection is that application of evidence from population based clinical trials to the individual patient within the clinic is not as easy to accomplish as EBM proponents realize. In response, some clinicians propose patient-centered medicine (PCM). Patient-centered advocates include the patient's personal information in order to apply the best available scientific and clinical evidence in treatment. The focus then shifts from the patience's disease to the patience's illness experience. The key for the practice of patient-centered medicine is a physician's effective communication with the patient. While some commentators present EBM and PCM as competitors, others propose a combination or integration of the two medicines. The debate between advocates of EBM and PCM is reminiscent of an earlier debate between the science and art of medicine and belies a deep anxiety over the nature of medicine. Certainly, philosophers of medicine can play a strategic role in the debate and assist towards its satisfactory resolution. Joydeb Patra"Medicine and its Epistemological shift of body of Knowledge: Critical View from Socio-Philosophical Perspectives" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-2 | Issue-4 , June 2018, URL: http://www.ijtsrd.com/papers/ijtsrd14442.pdf http://www.ijtsrd.com/medicine/other/14442/medicine-and-its-epistemological-shift-of-body-of-knowledge-critical-view-from-socio-philosophical-perspectives/joydeb-patra
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