Transgenic triadin 1 overexpression alters SR Ca2+ handling and leads to a blunted contractile response to beta-adrenergic agonists
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Cardiovasc Res 62 (1): 122-34 (April 2004)Kirchhefer, Uwe Jones, Larry R Begrow, Frank Boknik, Peter Hein, Lutz Lohse, Martin J Riemann, Burkhard Schmitz, Wilhelm Stypmann, Jorg Neumann, Joachim HL-28556/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS/United States Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. Netherlands Cardiovascular research Cardiovasc Res. 2004 Apr 1;62(1):122-34..

OBJECTIVE: Ca2+ release from the cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is regulated by a complex of proteins, including the ryanodine receptor (RyR), calsequestrin (CSQ), junctin (JCN), and triadin 1 (TRD). Moreover, triadin 1 appears to anchor calsequestrin to the ryanodine receptor. METHODS: To determine whether triadin 1 overexpression alters excitation-contraction coupling, we examined the effects of cardiac-specific overexpression of triadin 1 on SR Ca2+ handling and contractility in transgenic (TG) compared to wild-type (WT) mice. RESULTS: The overexpression of triadin 1 was associated with an enhanced SR Ca2+ load, reflected by a 22% higher amplitude of caffeine-induced Ca2+ transients. The decline of Ca2+ transients during caffeine exposure was prolonged by 57%. The detection of resting spontaneous SR Ca2+ release events (Ca2+ sparks) revealed an increased amplitude (by 16%), decline (by 47%), and width (by 47%) in TG. This was associated with a redistribution of Ca2+ spark amplitudes from one population to two populations. Measurement of cardiac function by echocardiography and left ventricular (LV) catheterization revealed a decreased cardiac contractility in vivo. The impaired response to beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) stimulation in TG hearts was associated with an increased protein expression of beta-AR kinase 1. In addition, the increase of the L-type Ca2+ peak current and the increase of phospholamban (PLB) phosphorylation at Thr17 were reduced under beta-AR stimulation. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our data suggest that triadin 1 overexpression results in a complex modulation of SR Ca2+ handling, which may contribute, at least in part, to the depressed basal contractility and the blunted response to beta-adrenergic agonists in TG mice.
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