The W3C Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces Standard
D. Dahl. Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces7 (3):
This paper describes the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Multimodal Architecture and Interfaces (MMI Architecture) standard, an architecture and communications protocol that enables a wide variety of independent modalities to be integrated into multimodal applications. By encapsulating the functionalities of modality components and requiring all control information to go through the Interaction Manager, the MMI Architecture simplifies integrating components from multiple sources.