Highly nonlocal optical solitons and their observation in nematic liquid crystals

, , and . Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 18 (20-21): 2819--2828 (2004)


We investigate 2-dimensional spatial optical solitons in media exhibiting a large nonlocal response coupled with a self-focusing nonlinearity. To this extent, with reference to a specific system in undoped nematic liquid crystals, we develop a general theory of spatial solitons in media with an arbitrary degree of nonlocality and carry out experimental observations to validate the model. The remarkable agreement between predictions and data yields evidence of narrow-waist solitons, revealing an important connection between nonparaxiality and nonlocality and emphasizing the role of nonlocality.

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