The purpose of this text is to provide a reference for University level assembly language and systems programming courses. Specifically, this text addresses the x86-64 instruction set for the popular x86-64 class of processors using the Ubuntu 64-bit Operating System (OS). While the provided code and various examples should work under any Linux-based 64-bit OS, they have only been tested under Ubuntu 14/16/18 LTS (64-bit).
B. Lavoie, O. Rambow, and E. Reiter. Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing (ANLP-97), page 253--256. Morristown, NJ, USA, Association for Computational Linguistics, (1997)