Generalising Monoids The word 'monad' is derived from the word 'monoid'. The explanation usually given is that there is an analogy between monoids and monads. On the surface, this seems a bit unlikely. The join operation in a monad is supposed to correspond to the binary operator in the monoid, but join is a completely different kind of thing, certainly not a binary operator in any usual sense. I'm going to make this analogy precise so that it's clear that both monoids and monads are examples of the same construction. In fact, I'm going to write some Haskell code to define monoids and monads in almost exactly the same way. I was surprised to find I could do this because instances of Haskell's Monoid and Monad aren't even the same kind of thing (where I'm using 'kind' in its technical sense). But it can be done.