TOGAF defines "enterprise" as any collection of organizations that has a common set of goals. For example, an enterprise could
be a government agency, a whole corporation, a division of a corporation, a single department, or a chain of geographically distant
organizations linked together by common ownership.
The term "enterprise" in the context of "enterprise architecture" can be used to denote both an entire enterprise -
encompassing all of its information and technology services, processes, and infrastructure - and a specific domain within the
enterprise. In both cases, the architecture crosses multiple systems, and multiple functional groups within the enterprise.
Confusion often arises from the evolving nature of the term "enterprise". An extended enterprise nowadays frequently includes
partners, suppliers, and customers. If the goal is to integrate an extended enterprise, then the enterprise comprises the partners,
suppliers, and customers, as well as internal business units.
The business operating model concept is useful to determine the nature and scope of the enterprise architecture within an
organization. Large corporations and government agencies may comprise multiple enterprises, and may develop and maintain a number
of independent enterprise architectures to address each one. However, there is often much in common about the information systems
in each enterprise, and there is usually great potential for gain in the use of a common architecture framework. For example, a
common framework can provide a basis for the development of an Architecture Repository for the integration and re-use of models,
designs, and baseline data.