Deep Learning has revolutionised Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning. It is about credit assignment in adaptive systems with long chains of potentially causal links between actions and consequences.
X. Zhang, and Y. LeCun. (2015)cite arxiv:1502.01710Comment: This technical report is superseded by a paper entitled "Character-level Convolutional Networks for Text Classification", arXiv:1509.01626. It has considerably more experimental results and a rewritten introduction.