Editorial commentary. This JNNP meta-analysis, which included 15 studies with 812 047 participants, showed an elevated dementia risk in lifelong single (42%) and widowed (20%) but not divorced persons compared with those who were married1. Although one study from Sweden contributed the vast majority (92%) of participants, the other studies were also broadly in agreement and, importantly, came from a wide range of countries across the world: Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Sweden), North and South America (Brazil, USA) and Asia (China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan). . To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.