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    The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-4. [...]reproducibility is the ability of a research study to be replicated using the same methods and analyses as the original study. People with certain disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder or attention deficit disorder, often demonstrate difficulties processing and integrating sensations. [...]past research has identified study populations by these disorders, with the assumption that people with these disorders have sensory processing and integration problems.... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
    8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
     
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      The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-11,1A-7A. [...]our Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcomes (PICO) research question was "What is the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions that use specific sensory techniques or sensory environmental modifications to support function and participation of children and youth who have SI difficulties?" In our question, the population of interest is children and youth (ages 2-21 yr) with SI difficulties...... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
      8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
       
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        The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-4. Sleep is a state of altered consciousness during which the body rests and restores itself. Because sleep is an occupational domain that plays a critical role in health and well-being, occupational therapy practitioners should consider sleep with clients throughout the lifespan. Sleep helps regulate the body's physiological functioning and substantially affects health, participation, and engagement ..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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          The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-8. Protective factors, such as resiliency, can support children in managing their behavior, yet little research has addressed the contribution of sensory processing to protective factors. [...]in this cross-sectional study we aimed to determine the contribution of sensory processing (using the Sensory Profile-2) to challenging behavior and protective factors (using the Behavior Assessment System for Children, 2nd ed., Parent Rating Scales) in a sample of 51 children ages 6-11 yr from the general U.S. population..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
          8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
           
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            The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-5. [...]they are generally less likely to regain independence in self-care and mobility activities compared with people with good awareness of their abilities (Ekstam,Uppgard, Kottorp, & Tham, 2007; Hartman-Maeir, Soroker, Ring, & Katz, 2002). Participants had a recent stroke; were admitted to inpatient rehabilitation; had cognitive impairments, evident by a score of ³3on the Quick Executive Interview (EXIT; Larson & Heinemann, 2010); did not have moderate or severe aphasia, evident by a score ³2 on the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination (Goodglass, Kaplan, & Barressi, 2001); did not meet criteria for dementia, untreatedmood disorder, psychotic disorder, or current drug or alcohol abuse (Sheehan et al., 1998; Spitzer et al., 1994); and had an expected inpatient rehabilitation length of stay of at least 5 days.. To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
            8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
             
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              The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-9. Shani-Adir, Rozenman, Kessel, and Engel-Yeger (2009) reported associations between sensory hypersensitivity and sleep quality in 57 Israeli children diagnosed with atopic dermatitis compared with 37 healthy children ages 4-10 yr. Another case control study, conducted by Wengel, Hanlon-Dearman, and Fjeldsted (2011), reported that irregular sensory processing patterns in children with fetal alcohol syndrome were correlated with sleep disturbances, including increased bedtime resistance, sleep latency, shorter sleep duration, and increased anxiety and night awakening events. The current literature supports the view that sleep quality is also strongly related to children's daily occupational performance and that sensory processing patterns influence occupational performance, including sleep.... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
              8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
               
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                The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-8. A systematic review of 35 studies of the occupational performance challenges of children with sensory difficulties (including children with autism spectrum disorder and developmental coordination disorder) identified difficulties in the areas of play, leisure, and social participation (Koenig & Rudney, 2010). Past research on the relationship between sensory processing and pretend play in children has involved children with autism or Fragile X syndrome (Reynolds, Bendixen, Lawrence, & Lane, 2011). Because the children in these studies had identified play deficits and sensory processing difficulties, the relationship between sensory processing and play could not be established..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                  The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-8. Health Care Audit and Documentation A recent Cochrane review (Ivers et al., 2012) examining the effectiveness of audits on health care professionals (mostly physicians) concluded that audit and feedback processes can play an important role in improving professional practice, but effectiveness is highly variable. The group, known as the redesign team, consisted of a physical therapist, an occupational therapist, a speech-language pathologist, a clinical research educator, a therapy coder, a therapy support specialist, a department leader, and a facilitator.. To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
                  8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
                   
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                    The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-11,1A-3A. [...]many studies of parent training and coaching attempt to deal with child behavior problems (Bearss et al., 2015; Furlong et al., 2013; Lee et al., 2012). Because children with ASD often exhibit difficult behaviors, focusing studies on this diagnostic group may reflect the practice of including participants whose clinical characteristics tend to be in line with this form of intervention....... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                      The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-6. Intervention goals focused on optimizing performance of activities of daily living (ADLs), targeting the morning and evening self-care routines; decreasing agitation; increasing activity engagement, including physical activity, to promote sleep; and improving caregiver communication and cuing skills. Tamara reviewed the evidence from the September/ October 2017 issue of the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (Jensen & Padilla, 2017; Piersol et al., 2017; Smallfield & Syrovatla-Keckenlaible, 2017) and also read the intervention recommendations with strong evidence from the Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Adults With Alzheimer's Disease and Related Major Neurocognitive Disorders (Piersol & Jensen, 2017). . To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
                      8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
                       
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                        The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-7. [...]interrater reliability (k) was calculated between the two raters for the agreed-on themes (Chmura Kraemer, Periyakoil, & Noda, 2002). [...]both men and women strongly agreed that they felt good helping clients as an occupational therapy practitioner. [...]for responses to the question "How does your gender affect/influence your ability to build rapport, trust, and empathy with a patient?" we identified the themes of Women, Personality, ADLs, Female, Issue, and Same. [...]respondents may have differed in their interpretations of the survey's terminology.. To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
                        8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
                         
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                          The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-7. In particular, disorders in the processing of the signals coming from the proximal sensory systems (vestibular, proprioceptive, tactile) lead to problems in the production of an adaptive response, the development of postural control and movement coordination, and the motor development and the arrangement of the awake-orientation status-all of which affect the development of play, social participation, education, and self-care occupations..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
                          8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
                           
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                            The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-7. By open access, we mean that appropriately credentialed and trained users will have free, unrestricted access to downloadable links for materials needed to administer and score the tests (e.g., test manuals, test forms and scoring test sheets, 3D printed objects such as shapes used for tactile perception tests, online processes for conversion of raw scores to standard scores). The first three authors of this article (Mailloux, Parham, and Smith Roley) conducted the initial process of item construction. Because the EASI aims to assess children ages 3- 12 yr, each test is designed to contain items with a wide range of difficulty levels, from very easy tasks for the youngest age groups to much more complex tasks for the oldest age groups..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                              The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-10,1A-1B. Published reports of such trials answer the question "Does it work?" but fail to elucidate reasons the intervention was a success or failure (Oakley, Strange, Bonell, Allen, & Stephenson, 2006). [...]we conducted a process evaluation alongside an RCT because combining the strength of an RCT with a well-designed process evaluation provides improved insight to deliver evidencebased practice. Participants were excluded if they reported that their fall was caused by syncope, had moderate to severe memory problems demonstrated by a score of 10 or less on the Short Blessed Test..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                                The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-10,1A-4A. [...]outcome measures used in many previous studies lacked adequate sensitivity to detect changes in key areas purported to be responsive to ASI or did not measure outcomes valued by the client and his or her family (Cohn & Cermak, 1998). [...]given the limitations of previous reviews, the purpose of this systematic review was to examine the literature on ASI intervention using studies published between 2007 and May 2015 and to specifically focus on evidence that ASI improves functioning and participation in everyday activities for children identified as having difficulties with processing and integrating sensory information.. To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                                  The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-9,1A-6A. Synthesis of the articles suggests that self-regulation (e.g., sensory processing, emotional regulation, executive functioning, social function) improved with cognitive and occupation-based interventions. Because the number of studies that measured sensory processing or SI challenges was limited, researchers are encouraged to include these measures in future research to understand the impact of a broader range of cognitive and occupation-based interventions..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                                    The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-10,7A,8A. [...]occupation was intermingled with, and not carefully differentiated from, a host of other important and relevant knowledge domains, rendering unclear how occupation relates to numerous other curricular topics. Without differentiating and specifying linkages among them, the threads may have inadvertently conveyed that occupationrelated concepts were no more central than concepts such as active learning, communication, or advocacy. Because of these two factors, knowledge of occupation has not, on a widespread scale, made its way fully to the explicit curriculum. . To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
                                    8 days ago by @sssftlibrary
                                     
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                                      The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-9. Past evaluations of the CCBS- 2 have demonstrated that mothers with mental health conditions and reduced self-reported mental health also reported a higher prevalence of challenging behavior exhibited by their child (i.e., higher CCBS-2 scores) than mothers without mental health conditions..... To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                                        The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-9. [...]a Fonds de Recherche du Qúebec-Culture et Socíeté grant was obtained to do a 2-yr follow-up on the children from the sensory-motor study in 2010. According to Landis and Koch's (1977) interpretation of the k coefficients, a moderate level of agreement emerged between the classifications of two scale pairs (Modulation Related to Body Position and Movement-Body Awareness, Auditory Processing- Hearing), and four pairs of scales had a fair or low level of agreement (Touch Processing-Touch, SSP Total Score-Total Sensory Systems, Vestibular Processing-Balance and Motion, and Emotional/Social Responses-Social Participation).. To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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                                          The American Journal of Occupational Therapy; Bethesda Vol. 72, Iss. 1,  (Jan/Feb 2018): 1-8. [...]Hirao, Kobayashi, Okishima, and Tomokuni (2012) reported that the physical health of older adults was significantly better in groups who experienced flow during important everyday activities than in a group who experienced apathy. [...]we think that careful attention to the challenge-skill balance in client occupations, applying the concept of flow, can be useful in occupational therapy intervention. . To read the full article, log in using your NHS OpenAthens details.
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