Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasite (Paramphistoma Cervi) In Domestic Animals of District Buner, KPK, Pakistan
(Eds.). .
Reviews of Progress (February 2014)

Paramphistomosis is the disease, prevalent all over the world is one of the most pathogenic diseases in domesticated animals causing heavy economic loss. Paramphistomiasis are serious problem for ruminants, especially young animals. The investigation took place during November 2011 to April 2012 to screen the prevalence of parasite (paramphistoma) in cows, buffaloes, sheep's and goats in different regions of district Buner Pakistan. Samples were collected from slaughter houses, dairy farms and houses. In the present study total 480 fecal samples were studied, in which 80 fecal samples were randomly observed from each species (cow, buffalo, sheep's and goats). During collection of fecal samples the age and gender of the species were randomly collected, and seasons of the year were carefully recorded. Seasons were considered as summer (March - April) and winter (November-February). Infection rate was 10.8% in buffaloes, 11.6% in cow, 5.8% in sheep, 4.1% in goats in district Buner. Overall the highest prevalence in all animals (cows, buffaloes, sheep and goats) was recorded in the month of February (7.5%) while the lowest (1.6%) in April. Infection rate in all animals (cows, buffaloes, sheep and goats) was higher in males (8.7% ) as compared to female animals (6.8 %). In age wise prevalence the higher incidence of paramphistomiasis occurred in below 3 year then above 3 year. The lowest infectious rate of prevalence of paramphistomiasis is found in goats (4.1%) in district Buner KPK Pakistan.
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