Design and Simulation of Fuel Cell Energy System to Power RO Desalination Plant
S. Kevin George Chittu. International Journal of Inventive Engineering and Sciences (IJIES)1
9-14 (March 2013)
Desalination is the only solution to this crisis as it provides clean drinking water from largely available sea water. Also it is necessary to drive this desalination plant by a nonconventional source in order to prevent the CO2 emission that affects the environment. Various renewable energy sources are available for this purpose such as solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, bio gas etc. By using proper channel to trap these energies we can power the desalination easily and effectively. Some of the sources like wind turbine, solar thermal systems, photovoltaic (pv), biogas plant, fuel cell are the widely used for desalination. Combining these sources with some of the desalination techniques such as Multi-stage flash evaporation (MSF), Multi effect boiling (MEB), Vapor compression (VC) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) will give optimum results. In this proposed system RO method of desalination and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell as the power source is used.