Low back pain is one of the most frequent problems treated by Orthopaedicians. It is becoming increasingly problematic over the past century, it receive increasing amount of attention and concern due to the burdens placed on health systems and social-care systems. There are evidences showed that fear of movement has close association with low back pain. This study aims to find out the association between the acute low back pain and kinesiophobia. 100 subjects were selected by convenient sampling method with the age group ranging from 20—40 years. Subjects were chosen following suitable inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study was conducted for 6 months. The outcome measures were pain and kinesiophobia. The pain was assessed using visual analog scale and the kinesiophobia was assessed using Tampa scale of kinesiophobia. Karl pearlson's correlation coefficient is
used to compute the result between the acute low back pain and kinesiophobia. The result found that it was 0.859 which shows a high correlation between the back pain and kinesiophobia.