Identification of two tetranuclear FeS clusters on the ferredoxin-type subunit of NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I).
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Biochemistry 40 (20): 6124--6131 (May 2001)

The proton-translocating NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase of respiratory chains (complex I) contains one flavin mononucleotide and five EPR-detectable iron-sulfur clusters as redox groups. Because of the number of conserved motifs typical for binding iron-sulfur clusters and the high content of iron and acid-labile sulfide of complex I preparations, it is predicted that complex I contains additional clusters which have not yet been detected by EPR spectroscopy. To search for such clusters, we used a combination of UV/vis and EPR spectroscopy to study complex I from Neurospora crassa and Escherichia coli adjusted to distinct redox states. We detected a UV/vis redox difference spectrum characterized by negative absorbances at 325 and 425 nm that could not be assigned to the known redox groups. Redox titration was used to determine the pH-independent midpoint potential to be -270 mV, being associated with the transfer of two electrons. Comparison with UV/vis difference spectra obtained from complex I fragments and related enzymes showed that this group is localized on subunit Nuo21.3c of the N. crassa or NuoI of the E. coli complex I, respectively. This subunit (the bovine TYKY) belongs to a family of 8Fe-ferredoxins which contain two tetranuclear iron-sulfur clusters as redox groups. We detected EPR signals in a fragment of complex I which we attribute to the novel FeS clusters of complex I.
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