In Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland), the Inuit people are known for carving portable maps out of driftwood to be used while navigating coastal waters. These pieces, which are small enough to be carried in a mitten, represent coastlines in a continuous line, up one side of the wood and down the other.
The iconic London underground map is relied on by millions of travellers every day, but its white background, small text and low contrast differences in colour can cause problems for people with many different types of impaired vision. 232 Studios and Ian Hamilton have launched an award winning app to overcome this.
“More than a hundred scientific societies, universities, research institutes, and organizations all over the world have banded together to dedicate 2013 as a special year for the Mathematics of Planet Earth.”
Mark Hampe, Monika Sester, and Lars Harrie. ISPRS Congrese, volume XXXV of International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, page 135-140. Lund University, Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science, (2004)