Cognitive Radio Relay Network Performance Analysis by using Game Theory
G. Arjun, and M. Kumar. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication3 (4):
Cognitive radio plays a vital role in wireless communication system. The cognitive radio consists of a transceiver which is used to check the availability of channel for communication and avoids busy channels by shifting into a unused channel. The scope for spectrum availability and area of coverage is increased by using cognitive radio. In cooperative cognitive relay network the primary traffic the primary users (PUs) will nominate some of the secondary users (SUs) as a relay. To make the secondary users co-operate with the primary user, primary user have to allocate some channel to the secondary user for data transmission. This significantly reduces the performance of the primary users and secondary users. Therefore, performance can be significantly increased by using MIMO in co-operative cognitive radio. By using beam forming technique in spatial domain over the multiple inputs multiple output antenna permits multiple data streams and suppression of interference. Using Nash Equilibrium (NE) to control the power among SUs, the PUs utilities and SUs utilities are obtained in MIMO-CCRN. By using MIMO technique the secondary users can co-operatively relay the data for the primary users while concurrently accessing the same channel to transmit its data. Time domain and spatial domains are examined to improve the efficiency of the spectrum for arranging the MIMO co-operative cognitive radio networks.