Contribution of Radio Halos to the Foreground for SKA EoR Experiments
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(2019)cite arxiv:1905.05399Comment: main text 18 pages, 16 figures, 2 appendixes; ApJ accepted.

The overwhelming foreground contamination is one of the primary impediments to probing the EoR through measuring the redshifted 21 cm signal. Among various foreground components, radio halos are less studied and their impacts on the EoR observations are still poorly understood. In this work, we employ the Press-Schechter formalism, merger-induced turbulent re-acceleration model, and the latest SKA1-Low layout configuration to simulate the SKA öbserved" images of radio halos. We calculate the one-dimensional power spectra from simulated images and find that radio halos can be about $10^4$, $10^3$ and $10^2.5$ times more luminous than the EoR signal on scales of $0.1\,Mpc^-1 < k < 2\,Mpc^-1$ in the 120-128, 154-162, and 192-200 MHz bands, respectively. By examining the two-dimensional power spectra inside properly defined EoR windows, we find that the power leaked by radio halos can still be significant, as the power ratios of radio halos to the EoR signal on scales of $0.5\,Mpc^-1 k 1\,Mpc^-1$ can be up to about 230-800%, 18-95%, and 7-40% in the three bands, when the 68% uncertainties caused by the variation of the number density of bright radio halos are considered. Furthermore, we find that radio halos located inside the far side-lobes of the station beam can also impose strong contamination within the EoR window. In conclusion, we argue that radio halos are severe foreground sources and need serious treatments in future EoR experiments.
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