A procedure for the regeneration of melon (Cucumis melo L.) cv. Maazoun and Beji via shoot organogenesis from cotyledon explants is described. Cotyledons explants cultivated on the basal Murashige and Skoog (1962) medium, added with combinations of BAP, NAA and 2,4-D developed adventitious shoots after two weeks. The rates of caulogenesis varied according to the medium hormonal composition and the genotype. The best induction medium for a morphogenic response was MS containing 0.5 mgl-1 NAA and 2 mgl-1 BAP. The highest caulogenesis percentages were 79.16% and 58.33% for Maazoun and Beji cultivars respectively. The mean number of buds per callus was 2.92.
Development phases were characterized by histological studies. Some phases of shoot organogenesis were observed in Cucumis melo L. Maazoun and Beji cultivars.The shoots were rooted in MS medium without growth regulators or added NAA (0.5 or 1 mgl-1). The highest bud rooting of buds occurred on MS medium added with 1 mg/l NAA. The percentage of rooting varied from 16.66 to 75%. The highest percentage of survival plants after acclimatization were 41.73 and 57.63 for Beji and Maazoun respectively
Microbial invasion of blood stream is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Identification of bacterial isolates and antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolated from blood culture would guide the antibiotics treatment for patients with bacteremia. 1) To determine age – wise blood culture positivity rate in bacteremia 2) To identify age – wise common bacterial species isolates in bacteremia 3) To determine Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of the bacterial isolates. Atotal of 247 blood culture samples received from various clinical departments of rural teaching hospital from August 2013 to September 2015 were included in the study. Samples were collected in brain heart infusion broth. Identification of isolates and antimicrobial susceptibility was done as per standard microbiological methods. Out of 247 specimens bacteria sp. was isolated from 46 (18.62%) samples. Blood culture positivity was noted highest among neonates age group (38.71%). Lowest rate was observed among elders (4.55%). Klebsiella pneumoniae, Coagulase negative staphylococcus (CONs), and S. aureus were common blood culture isolates. In neonates Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most common isolate. Out of 27 gram negative bacilli, 14 (51.85%) were extended spectrum betalactamases (ESBL) positive. High resistance was noted against amoxycillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and third generation cephalosporins in all gram negative organisms except, S. typhi. Out of 12 Staphylococcus sp., none of these were methicillin resistant. Routine antibiotic susceptibility surveillance helps in choice of antibiotics for treatment, identification of resistance and control of its spread.
Environmental contamination for excessive use of chemical protectant increasing the interest in integrated pest management and organic farming. Trichoderma harzianum (Rifai) a promising biocontrol agent fairly acceptable globally used against wide array of plant pathogens. Culture establishment and easy utilization technique of those isolates may not evident for commercialization in all level because of costly production. To cultivate the inoculums in the cheapest suitable media of organic source present study was undertaken. Mycelial growth, conidial production and biomass yield of Trichoderma harzianum were examined on four different culture media including potato dextrose agar, modified potato dextrose agar, carrot Agar, pulse sucrose agar. The medium had a significant effect on growth rate and population of the Trichoderma species. Carrot Agar was the best medium in terms of quick growth rate and spore production with at low cost. Average linear growth rate was measured after three days of inoculation and highest linear growth has found on potato dextrose agar medium followed by carrot agar. The Biomass yield also recorded as fresh weight and dry weight of inoculums from liquid culture medium and the maximum yielding of inoculums has found in potato dextrose broth and minimum in carrot broth.